Biography


Born in Rome in 1360, Favaroni entered the Studium at Bologna in 1384, and was bacchalarius formatus in 1389, after having reading his Sentences during 1388-1389. This date is also confirmed by the colophon at the end of his first Principium on folio 159ra (qui legit Bononine 1388 et 1389); in 1392 he became master of theology.

After finishing his studies, we find Favaroni very active in different Augustinian Studia in Italy (Bologna, Lecce, Perugia), during which period he also focused on writing, mainly sermons and a commentary on the Apocalypse, a text that treats the relation between Christ and the Church. In the third tractatus of De principatu pape[2], dedicated to Cardinal Cosma Magliorati (archbishop of Bologna), who later became Pope Innocent VII, Favoroni develops a different conception than that presented by the likes of Dante in his Monarchia[3].

In 1416 Favaroni was a professor in the Faculty of Theology of Florence, and during this period he wrote a commentary on books I and II of the Ethics. Another important moment of his life came in 1430, when Pope Martin V empowered Favaroni's confessor, Pietro Assalhit, to go to Ostia and search for St. Monica’s relics for their translation to Rome. Pietro Assalhit took Augustinus Favaroni with him. The same year is also important because of Favaroni's involvement in a process of condemnation. Some propositions from his treatise De sacramento unitatis Christi et Ecclesiae were jugged as being too close to the doctrine of John Huss[4]. These propositions were the object of a second examination in 1436. Therefore, Favaroni defended his position in two different texts: Contra quosdam errores haereticorum[5] and in Defensorium sacramenti unitatis Christi et Ecclesiae. From 1432 to 1435 he participated to the Council of Basel[6]. He spent the last years of his life in Tuscany, and he died in 1443 in Prato, where he is also buried.



[1] Stegmuller mentions the Abbreviatio I Sententiarum Augustini de Roma in the ms. Firenze, Leopoldina cod. 14. Cf. F. Stegmüller, Repertorium Commentariorum in Sententias Petri Lombardi, 1, Würzburg 1947,  p. 129, n° 284. Another copy of this Abbreviatio is to be found in the ms. Paris, BnF, nouv. Acq. 279, ff. 1-95. A list of Becchi’ texts is to be found in D.A. Perini, Bibliographia augustiniana cum notis biographicis. Scriptores itali. I, Firenze I, 1929, pp. 103-105.

[2]G. Diaz, « Tratado inédito 'De principatu papae' de Augustin F. OSA († 1443) », in  Analecta Augustiniana 53 (1990), pp. 95-192. E. Pispisa, « Il 'De primatu papae' di Augustino Favaroni », in Dante nel pensiero e nella esegesi dei secoli XIV e XV, Firenze 1975, pp. 375-384.

[3]A. Vallone, Antidantismo politico nel XIV secolo, Napoli 1973, pp. 121-140.

[4] See also W. Eckermann, « Augustinus Favaroni von Rom und Johannes Wyclif. Der Ansatz Arer Lehre über die Kirche », in Scientia Augustiniana, eds. C. P. Mayer, W. Eckermann, Würzburg 1975, pp. 323-348 ; A. Zumkeller, « Die Augustinereremiten in der Auseinandersetzung mit Wyclif und Hus, ihre Beteiligung an den Konzilien von Konstanz und Basel », in Analecta Augustiniana, 5/18 (1965), pp. 5-56.

[5]W. Eckermann, Opera-inedita historiam XXII sessionis concilii Basileensis respicentia: Augustini de Roma OESA Contra quosdam errores haereticorum, et Defensorium sacramenti unitatis Christi et Ecclesiae, atque Henrici Kalteisen OP Propositiones in condamnatione libelli Augustini de Roma, Romae 1978.

[6]W. Eckermann, Zur Hermeneutik theologischer Aussagen. Überlegungen Heinrich Kalteisens OP auf dem Basler Konzil zu Propositionen des Augustinus Favaroni von Rom OESA, in Augustiniana, XXV (1975), pp. 24-42

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